LUSHOTO DISTRICT is situated in the northern part of Tanga Region within 4o 25’ – 4o 55’ latitude south of Equator and 30o 10’ – 38o 35’ Longitude East of Greenwich. It borders with The Republic of Kenya in the northeast, Same District of Kilimanjaro Region in the northwest, Korogwe District in the south and Mkinga District together with Muheza District bordered at further east. The District has an area of 3,500 km2 (346,600 Ha.) and accounts for about 12.8 percent of Tanga Region. ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM Administratively, Lushoto District has two councils namely Lushoto District Council and Bumbuli District Council. Previously it was Lushoto District Council only from 23rd December 1983 until 23rd December 2012 after establishment of Bumbuli District Council within Lushoto District. The District has 8 divisions, 44 wards with a total number of 207 villages and 1,669 hamlets. The district headquarters is allocated at Lushoto town and there are 2 other urban centers, Soni and Mlalo. Also district has three constituencies of Bumbuli, Lushoto and mlalo. COUNCIL VISION STATEMENT. Society with access to improved and sustainable social – economic services by year 2015 Council Mission Statement To provide better social – economic services through utilization of available resources and ensuring good governance
WHEN LUSHOTO COUNCILORS VISITED KILIMANJARO(MOSHI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL) WHILE Tanzania is making progress towards the achievement of the MDGs, at the Local Government Authorities (LGA) level the progress is uneven. Each of the task areas attributed to the local government, from waste management and water to education and health, has either a direct, indirect, or at least some degree of connection to the fulfillment of a number of millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Sometimes, LGAs need to realize that they do not have to seek friendship with some foreign cities, districts or regions to learn the art of good governance. Such lessons could be available just nearby. In view of this fact, Lushoto District Council organised a study tour of councillors to Moshi Municipal Council, famed for its cleanliness, scooping the second position in the national Cleanliness Competition, and Same whom they share geographical similarities. “Our objectives were to learn from both Moshi Municipality and Same District Councils in several areas where we think they are doing better,” the Lushoto District Executive Director (DED), Jumanne Shauri said. Moshi is excelling in environmental sanitation especially waste collection where it has managed to use the Public Private Partnership by outsourcing waste collection. Shauri said that they were enthralled by decentralisation of waste collection whereby the task is left in the hands of Ward Development Committee. According to the Moshi Municipal Council Public Relations Officer, Ramadhani Hamis waste collection decentralisation was initiated by the council two years ago and it proved to be very effective in maintaining the cleanliness of the municipality. Hamis also spoke of the engagement of environmental conservation in waste collection, revenue collection and general enforcement of environmental sanitation by-laws at the ward level. He explained that, for instance in waste collection the council’s head office offers vehicles while the wards pay for fuel. Moshi Municipality produces 32,980 tonnes of solid waste per month and the council is in the process of educating residents to separate it for easier management. Hamis said that a South African Company would enter into an agreement with the council to produce biogas from solid waste. On management of the funds, he said Special hard waste accounts have been opened. “We expect at a later date to allot more responsibilities to the WDC when they have garnered enough financial capacity. Shauri said that they have been impressed by the decentralisation system and they sit down and work out ways of adopting the system to the Lushoto District. He also said they have learnt of how the Moshi Municipal Council collects property tax, revenue from the main Bus Stand and through parking fees. The Chairman of the Council who led the delegation of councillors, Lucas Shemndolwa explained that the Lushoto District outlook as regards to relations between LGAs is based on relationships that could help them to improve their economic status. He particularly mentioned Same, saying ginger farming was as prominent as it was in Lushoto. “We have not been able to organise a stable marketing system for ginger but in Same the district has built a processing plant. “This is something we could learn,” he said. Shemndolwa also talked about the Mkomazi Game Reserve, noting that Lushoto has not been able to utilize the opportunities offered by the park to raise its economic prospects. According to Same District Executive Director (DED), Monica Kwiluhya the district has enjoyed benefits of having the park through development assistance and Lushoto could also enjoy the same benefits because Mkomazi extends to Lushoto also. Shauri said that they would soon visit villages bordering Mkomazi to encourage them to prepare proposals for development projects that could be financed by the Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA) through its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy. Shauri said that Lushoto needs to expand its revenue base and has bauxite whose exploitation has been banned due to fear of environmental degradation. “But we found out that in Same, with proper bylaws to protect the environment and control extraction of the minerals, we could get quite a lot of revenue from the mineral,’’ he said. According to an abstract of Research on the Geology and Geochemistry of bauxite deposits in Lushoto conducted by M. K. D. Mutakyahwa, J.R Ikingura and A.H. Mruma then affiliated to the Department of Geology of the University of Dar es Salaam ore reserve estimates from the drilling data and surface geological mapping of the deposits yielded bauxite reserves of about 37 million tonnes. The findings which appeared in the Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 36, Issue 4, show that bauxite deposits in the Usambara Mountains of north eastern Tanzania occur as remnants of residual deposits on two geomorphologically related plateaus of Mabughai-Mlomboza and Kidundai at Magamba in Lushoto, Usambara Mountains. The parent rocks for the deposits are mainly granulites and feldspathic gneisses of Neoproterozoic Mozambique belt. The plateaus represent a preserved Late Cretaceous-Lower Tertiary old land surface (African surface). Other parts of the Usambara Mountains and the neighbouring Pare Mountains are covered mostly by redbrown lateritic soils and impure reddish-brown kaolinitic clays. The District Chief Executive Officer said that Same, which also has gypsum deposits just as it is in Lushoto has shown them that both minerals could be mined while being strict in monitoring conservation efforts in those areas where there are mines and help the council to expand its revenue base. “Last year we had targeted to collect Sh. 1.6 billion as revenue from own source but we managed to collect 75 per cent of the target or Sh. 1.3 billion. We have the same target this year and we expect to reach 100 per cent,” said Shauri who pointed out the district needs to expand its revenue sources to be able to finance development project from its sources. Same Deputy Chairman of the Council, Semboja Ramadhani Issae said that it was surprising that when LGAs wanted to embark on study tours or looked to establish relations, many had the tendency to look at places in the developed world. “Bilateral relations with areas in the developed world was healthy, of course, but we should look at the country level and cooperate with councils which share the same geography, same resources that may have the same challenges,” Issae said. Perhaps, it is about time LGAs begin to look for cooperation among themselves, which is already offered through such forum as the Association of Local Government Authorities (ALAT)